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Seiko Limited Edition Presage Cocktail Fuyugeshiki Men's SRPC97J1
TOP
Seiko Limited Edition Presage Cocktail Fuyugeshiki Men's SRPC97J1
RM2,197
Seller
Diligence#1 International Distribution Inc.
PH
H.Moser & Cie. Pioneer Centre Seconds
TOP
H.Moser & Cie. Pioneer Centre Seconds
RM43,921
Seller
chronostars
13
AT
Doxa GRANDE METRE BLUE PLANET LIMITED EDITION 800PCS WORLD
TOP
Doxa GRANDE METRE BLUE PLANET LIMITED EDITION 800PCS WORLD
RM14,557
Free shipping
Seller
Przedsiębiorstwo Handlowe Usługowe
174
PL
Vacheron Constantin Overseas Automatic
TOP
Vacheron Constantin Overseas Automatic
RM74,429
Seller
Ronald Grob, Exklusive Zeitmesser
171
CH
Rolex Submariner 14060 (No Date) 2-liner 2000 w/ Ghost Bezel
Rolex Submariner 14060 (No Date) 2-liner 2000 w/ Ghost Bezel
RM26,623
Seller
Private Seller
MY
Longines Flagship Heritage 60th Anniversary Limited Edition
Longines Flagship Heritage 60th Anniversary Limited Edition
RM6,350
Seller
Private Seller
MY
Rolex Sea-Dweller Deepsea
Rolex Sea-Dweller Deepsea
RM54,853
Seller
Private Seller
MY
Audemars Piguet Royal Oak Selfwinding
Audemars Piguet Royal Oak Selfwinding
RM75,720
Seller
Private Seller
MY
Oris Air Racing Edition III
Oris Air Racing Edition III
RM2,751
Seller
Private Seller
MY
TAG Heuer Carrera Calibre 6 with new genuine alligator strap
TAG Heuer Carrera Calibre 6 with new genuine alligator strap
RM5,000
Seller
Private Seller
MY
Ball Fireman Racer DLC
Ball Fireman Racer DLC
RM2,878
Seller
Private Seller
MY
Cartier Santos Medium New [2018]
Cartier Santos Medium New [2018]
RM21,500
Seller
Swiss Connection Watches Pte Ltd
MY
TAG Heuer Aquaracer Calibre 16 500M
TAG Heuer Aquaracer Calibre 16 500M
RM6,500
Seller
Private Seller
MY
Audemars Piguet Royal Oak Offshore Chronograph
Audemars Piguet Royal Oak Offshore Chronograph
RM400,000
Seller
Private Seller
MY
Rolex Datejust 116234 Diamond dial Jubile Stahl Weißgold...
TOP
Rolex Datejust 116234 Diamond dial Jubile Stahl Weißgold...
RM35,036
Seller
Uhrenkapital
368
DE
Corum Admiral´s Cup Regatta 18k Rose Gold Edición Limitada
TOP
Corum Admiral´s Cup Regatta 18k Rose Gold Edición Limitada
RM66,722
Seller
CANTELI JOYEROS SL
22
ES
Frederique Constant Manufacture Classic Moonphase [ALMOST NEW]
Frederique Constant Manufacture Classic Moonphase [ALMOST NEW]
RM10,581
Seller
Private Seller
MY
Chronoswiss Répétition à quarts
TOP
Chronoswiss Répétition à quarts
RM105,363
Seller
Fernando Monge SA
142
ES
A. Lange & Söhne Langematik Perpetual English dial
TOP
A. Lange & Söhne Langematik Perpetual English dial
RM249,415
Seller
WatchesofMayfair.com
511
UK
Hublot Big Bang Tutti Frutti
TOP
Hublot Big Bang Tutti Frutti
RM85,092
Free shipping
Seller
Chronometrie Stäuble AG
 
CH
Oris Flight Timer
Oris Flight Timer
RM3,132
Seller
Private Seller
MY
Tudor Black Bay Fifty Eigth 39mm [New Release]
Tudor Black Bay Fifty Eigth 39mm [New Release]
RM13,500
Seller
Swiss Connection Watches Pte Ltd
MY
Omega Speedmaster Mark 40 Triple Date Chronograph (Good)
Omega Speedmaster Mark 40 Triple Date Chronograph (Good)
RM8,000
Seller
Collector's Time Gallery
MY
Audemars Piguet Royal Oak Offshore Chronograph 44mm Platinum...
TOP
Audemars Piguet Royal Oak Offshore Chronograph 44mm Platinum...
RM185,386
Seller
Sky Diamond
64
US
Zenith El Primero Chronomaster
Zenith El Primero Chronomaster
RM24,000
Seller
Private Seller
MY
Rolex Submariner Date 116613LB, Blue Dial, Half Yellow Gold
Rolex Submariner Date 116613LB, Blue Dial, Half Yellow Gold
RM46,500
Seller
Private Seller
MY
Parmigiani Fleurier Tonda Quator
TOP
Parmigiani Fleurier Tonda Quator
RM70,202
Seller
Fernando Monge SA
142
ES
Rolex Sea-Dweller Deepsea Black Dial, 44mm, Stainless Steel
Rolex Sea-Dweller Deepsea Black Dial, 44mm, Stainless Steel
RM40,500
Seller
Private Seller
MY
Panerai PAM569 569 Special Editions, Left Handed, Submersible,...
Panerai PAM569 569 Special Editions, Left Handed, Submersible,...
RM38,500
Seller
Private Seller
MY
Bell & Ross BR 03-92 Military Ceramic
Bell & Ross BR 03-92 Military Ceramic
RM11,851
Seller
Private Seller
MY
Breitling Navitimer World
Breitling Navitimer World
RM18,529
Seller
Private Seller
MY
Ball DC1028C-S2J-BK
Ball DC1028C-S2J-BK
RM9,500
Seller
Private Seller
MY
Rolex Datejust II, 41mm, Stainless Steel, White Index
Rolex Datejust II, 41mm, Stainless Steel, White Index
RM28,900
Seller
Private Seller
MY
Rolex Sky-Dweller Steel Gold [2018] 326933
Rolex Sky-Dweller Steel Gold [2018] 326933
RM58,000
Seller
Swiss Connection Watches Pte Ltd
MY
Oris Flight Timer
Oris Flight Timer
RM3,800
Seller
Private Seller
MY
Chopard Classic diamonds rose gold
TOP
Chopard Classic diamonds rose gold
RM36,001
Seller
Fernando Monge SA
142
ES
Longines
Longines
RM5,502
Seller
Private Seller
MY
Panerai Radiomir Black Seal 3 Days Automatic
Panerai Radiomir Black Seal 3 Days Automatic
RM24,549
Seller
Private Seller
MY
Montblanc 1858 Geosphere
TOP
Montblanc 1858 Geosphere
RM19,201
Seller
WatchesofMayfair.com
511
UK
Rolex Oyster Perpetual Date 18k Gold
Rolex Oyster Perpetual Date 18k Gold
RM13,967
Seller
Private Seller
MY
Ulysse Nardin Marine Dive
TOP
Ulysse Nardin Marine Dive
RM26,161
Seller
CANTELI JOYEROS SL
22
ES
Rolex Datejust Pearlmaster
TOP
Rolex Datejust Pearlmaster
RM96,182
Free shipping
Seller
Chronometrie Stäuble AG
 
CH
Oris CHALLENGE INTERNATIONAL DE TOURISME 1932 LE
Oris CHALLENGE INTERNATIONAL DE TOURISME 1932 LE
RM4,500
Seller
Private Seller
MY
Hublot Big Bang Unico Ceramic Rose Gold [Complete Set]
Hublot Big Bang Unico Ceramic Rose Gold [Complete Set]
RM82,000
Seller
Swiss Connection Watches Pte Ltd
MY
Ulysse Nardin Maxi Marine Chronometer 41mm
TOP
Ulysse Nardin Maxi Marine Chronometer 41mm
RM62,162
Seller
Fernando Monge SA
142
ES
Frederique Constant Flyback Chronograph Manufacture
Frederique Constant Flyback Chronograph Manufacture
RM9,269
Seller
Collector's Time Gallery
MY
Rado 56-H Chronometre, 1st Version, Very Rare
TOP
Rado 56-H Chronometre, 1st Version, Very Rare
RM33,056
Seller
Plus Ultra AG
5
CH
Audemars Piguet Royal Oak Chronograph
TOP
Audemars Piguet Royal Oak Chronograph
RM78,302
Seller
Private Seller
MY
Cartier Ballon Bleu De Cartier Watch
TOP
Cartier Ballon Bleu De Cartier Watch
RM28,561
Seller
WatchesofMayfair.com
511
UK
Tissot Le Locle
TOP
Tissot Le Locle
RM2,054
Seller
First Advanced Watches
55
ES
Rolex Lady-Datejust
TOP
Rolex Lady-Datejust
RM68,159
Free shipping
Seller
Chronometrie Stäuble AG
 
CH
Omega Constellation special OM Dial
TOP
Omega Constellation special OM Dial
RM16,800
Seller
AmsterdamTimeClassics
43
NL
Rolex Lady-Datejust 31mm Oyster [NEW] Multiple Dials
Rolex Lady-Datejust 31mm Oyster [NEW] Multiple Dials
RM20,500
Seller
Swiss Connection Watches Pte Ltd
MY
Audemars Piguet Classic Automatic
TOP
Audemars Piguet Classic Automatic
RM21,601
Seller
LE MUSE sas
99
IT
Frederique Constant Slim Line Moonphase Steel Rose Gold Plated
Frederique Constant Slim Line Moonphase Steel Rose Gold Plated
RM7,576
Seller
Collector's Time Gallery
MY
Rolex Submariner Date
TOP
Rolex Submariner Date
RM59,000
Seller
Private Seller
MY
Patek Philippe Calatrava
TOP
Patek Philippe Calatrava
RM84,026
Seller
Bijouterie-Horlogerie Langel
63
CH
IWC Big Pilot’s Heritage
TOP
IWC Big Pilot’s Heritage
RM48,961
Seller
WatchesofMayfair.com
511
UK
Omega chronometer rated cal 333 RG
TOP
Omega chronometer rated cal 333 RG
RM13,350
Seller
The Watch Collector Ltd.
97
UK
Rolex Yacht-Master
TOP
Rolex Yacht-Master
RM40,520
Free shipping
Seller
Chronometrie Stäuble AG
 
CH
Breguet Reine de Naples
TOP
Breguet Reine de Naples
RM37,979
Seller
Private Seller
MY
Rolex Lady-Datejust 31 Jubilee [NEW] Multiple Dials
Rolex Lady-Datejust 31 Jubilee [NEW] Multiple Dials
RM24,500
Seller
Swiss Connection Watches Pte Ltd
MY
Rolex Early 1603 with rare black gloss dial
TOP
Rolex Early 1603 with rare black gloss dial
RM35,041
Seller
Cosimo Superior Rare Wrist Watches
9
NL
Baume & Mercier Capeland Shelby Cobra 1963 “Legendary Drivers...
Baume & Mercier Capeland Shelby Cobra 1963 “Legendary Drivers...
RM9,269
Seller
Collector's Time Gallery
MY
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Automatic Watches: Self-Winding Mechanical Timepieces

Automatic watches are powered by the natural motion of your wrist while you wear them. This type of watch has a rich history reaching back to the 18th century. Today, countless brands produce their own automatic calibers for their watches.

Highlights

  • Automatically wound by the natural movements of your arm
  • Environmentally-friendly: No batteries to produce or throw away
  • The Rolex Oyster Perpetual is one of the most famous automatic watches
  • John Harwood is considered the inventor of the automatic wristwatch
  • Automatic watches available in almost every price range

Automatic Watches: Self-Winding Timepieces

Automatic watches fall under the larger umbrella term of mechanical watches. They offer a key advantage over manual timepieces: They wind automatically via the movement of the wearer's arm. An oscillating mass inside the caliber is responsible for winding the spring. Today, this is in most cases a winding rotor. It is flexibly mounted so that gravity pulls it towards the center. When you're wearing the watch and move your wrist, the rotor moves and gives the caliber new energy. Automatic watches don't require batteries, making mechanical watches comparably more environmentally friendly than battery-powered quartz watches.

Automatic watches are available from almost every famous watch manufacturer in all price ranges. Less expensive models are often powered by base calibers made by the ébauche manufacturers ETA, Soprod, or Sellita. Various manufacturers use these calibers in a more or less reworked form in their watches. These calibers even power the watches made by famous brands such as Breitling and TAG Heuer. However, both manufacturers have developed their own in-house movements as well.

Rolex and Patek Philippe are some of the most well-known watch manufacturers. Unlike many other brands, these two Geneva-based manufacturers don't outsource base calibers. Instead, they use their own. For example, Rolex's caliber 3130 is considered very robust, reliable, and precise. These qualities and more make the caliber one of the best automatic movements on the market; it powers Rolex watches such as the Submariner. Since Rolex produces their watches almost entirely in-house, production is costlier. This results in higher prices for automatic watches with in-house movements.

Buying Tips

If you're searching for an automatic watch, the hard part is actually choosing one. Should it be large or small, simple or extravagant, affordable or expensive? The selection is ample for every taste and budget. Pre-owned automatic watches from Citizen, Seiko, or Swatch are available for around 50 euros. These watches often only have three hands for the hours, minutes, and seconds. Some also have a date or even day/date display.

In the price range between 100 and 200 euros, you can find diverse new automatic watches from brands like Seiko or Fossil. Pre-owned watches from long-established manufacturers such as Tissot, Hamilton, or Longines cost up to 500 euros. The situation is similar in the 1,000 euros and under price range, though here you can also find new models from the German brand Marcello C.

In the 1,000 euro price range, you can find pre-owned Omega or Breitling watches. New automatic three-hand watches are available from Oris, Raymond Weil, or Rado.

However, if you're looking for an automatic chronograph, you need to adjust your budget accordingly. A pre-owned automatic chronograph costs at least 500 euros; this applies to watches from brands such as Tissot or Hamilton. New chronographs cost a few hundred euros more, around 800 euros. These watches are often powered by ETA's Valjoux 7750, which is considered one of the most successful automatic chronograph calibers in the world.

If you're searching for a new automatic Rolex, you need to plan on spending at least 3,000 euros. You can purchase the introductory model, Oyster Perpetual, for this price. You can occasionally find pre-owned vintage watches from this Genevan manufacturer for less than 1,000 euros. The Submariner, one of the first and most famous diving watches in the world, is available pre-owned for around 4,100 euros. New, it costs around 5,600 euros. Rolex's chronograph, the Daytona, is available for around 7,500 euros.

The most expensive automatic watches are from brands such as Audemars Piguet and Patek Philippe. These watches are often made of platinum or 18-karat gold and feature countless diamonds on their dial and/or case. At times, these watches are also incredibly expensive as they're rare vintage watches coveted by collectors. Prices over 1 million euros are not too rare when it comes to these watches.

The Technology Behind Automatic Watches

The mainspring of an automatic watch is, as the name suggests, automatically wound by the movement itself. The mainspring is wound, becomes tense, and stores energy. This happens through the natural movements of the wearer's arm when the watch is on his or her wrist. This mechanism eliminates the need to manually wind the mainspring. Instead, an oscillating mass - often the rotor - winds the mainspring. Gravity causes the flexibly mounted rotor to move towards the center and a gear-train transfers the energy from the rotor's movement to the barrel. Viewed from a physics standpoint, the mechanism converts kinetic energy into potential energy.

There are automatic movements that wind in one or both directions. Bi-directional winding movements have so-called reverser gears. These ensure that the rotor winds the barrel in both directions. Uni-directional winding movements actually wind bidirectionally, but the mainspring is only wound in one direction. Both variants have a reduction gear which converts the fast movements of the rotor into slower movements with more torque. The end of the mainspring is not directly connected to the barrel so that it doesn't snap off when it's fully wound. The outer end of the spring is outfitted with a bridle, which keeps the pressure on the mainspring's outermost coil. When not fully wound, that pressure allows the outer end of the mainspring to be caught in a notch in the barrel wall. Once the spring is fully wound, it moves along to the next notch.

Automatic watches have many advantages: They're comfortable, environmentally-friendly, and usually more precise. This improved precision is due to the mainspring, which is always tense and has a more constant torque than mainsprings in hand-wound calibers. This has a positive effect on the amplitude. The amplitude is the balance wheel's degree of rotation and refers to the wheel's maximum rotation angle between equilibrium and a reversal point.

Technical Details of Automatic Watches

  • The winding rotor winds the mainspring in the barrel
  • Advantages: no manual winding required, environmentally-friendly, more precise
  • Uni-directional and bi-directional winding movements

The Origins of Automatic Watches

Automatic winding is one of the most important and long-lasting innovations in the history of watchmaking and the mechanism is one of the most widespread complications in use today.

Today's automatic watches can trace their origin back to the year 1729. Abraham-Louis Perrelet improved the winding mechanism of pocket watches in the 18th century. A small key was required to wind a movement before this improvement. Since the key was never there when you needed it, winding mechanisms that didn't require a key were in high demand. Perrelet wanted to invent a self-winding pocket watch. In 1770, he introduced his pedometer watch after countless attempts. The watch had an oscillating weight which teetered back and forth as the wearer walked. The motion caused the oscillating weight to tense the mainspring. Perrelet also developed a caliber with a winding rotor which swiveled above the movement. With these innovations, the groundwork for today's automatic watches was laid.

Refined men carried their pocket watches tucked away safely in their jacket, vest, or pants. The timepieces barely moved while in their pockets, which meant that the oscillating mass didn't have enough energy to wind the mainspring. The crown-wind method solved the key-wind problem in the mid-19th century, making the automatic pocket watch superfluous.

The First Automatic Wristwatches

The French watchmaker Léon Leroy was also a pioneer in the development of automatic watches. He presented his first automatic wristwatch in 1922. Some of these watches even had a date display. However, Leroy was far away from being able to mass produce a series.

The British watchmaker John Harwood lead automatic wristwatches to series production. He began working on automatic movements in 1922. Two years later, he patented his work, paving the way for the first series-produced automatic wristwatches.

Rolex's Oyster Perpetual was one of the first automatic wristwatches. Rolex introduced the watch to the market in 1931. It's one of the few early models that has lasted over the years and is still produced today. The principle behind Oyster Perpetual's winding rotor is at the heart of every modern automatic wristwatch.

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