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Tudor Heritage Black Bay Automatik Bronze 79250BM Leder
TOP
Tudor Heritage Black Bay Automatik Bronze 79250BM Leder
RM15,334
Seller
Uhren2000 GmbH
311
DE
Breguet Marine 18k Yellow Gold  Automatic 26mm Ladies Diamond...
TOP
Breguet Marine 18k Yellow Gold Automatic 26mm Ladies Diamond...
RM53,782
Seller
WT Time Pieces
36
UK
Ateliers deMonaco Tourbillon Oculus 1297 Titane
Straight from the manufacturer
Ateliers deMonaco Tourbillon Oculus 1297 Titane
RM276,860
BrandBoutique Member
Les Ateliers deMonaco SARL
Rolex Datejust Rose Gold MOP Diamonds
TOP
Rolex Datejust Rose Gold MOP Diamonds
RM56,490
Seller
Harley's Time LLC
63
US
JeanRichard Paramount Pack 3 watches
TOP
JeanRichard Paramount Pack 3 watches
RM88,737
Seller
Fernando Monge SA
102
ES
Tudor PRINCE OYSTERDATE RANGER
Tudor PRINCE OYSTERDATE RANGER
RM5,206
Seller
Private Seller
MY
Richard Mille RM11-03 FQTPT
Richard Mille RM11-03 FQTPT
RM748,000
Seller
Private Seller
MY
Rolex Yacht-Master II
Rolex Yacht-Master II
RM55,888
Seller
Private Seller
MY
Richard Mille RM 011-03
Richard Mille RM 011-03
RM528,940
Seller
Private Seller
MY
Ball Fireman Racer DLC
Ball Fireman Racer DLC
RM2,749
Seller
Private Seller
MY
Seiko Grand Seiko
Seiko Grand Seiko
RM12,500
Seller
Private Seller
MY
Oris Flight Timer
Oris Flight Timer
RM2,991
Seller
Private Seller
MY
Rolex 4919 serpico y laino bubble back
TOP
Rolex 4919 serpico y laino bubble back
RM20,824
Seller
chrono v8 ltd
 
UK
Rolex Sea-Dweller Deepsea
Rolex Sea-Dweller Deepsea
RM54,853
Seller
Private Seller
MY
Vacheron Constantin ASYMMETRICAL 1972 PRESTIGE DE LA FRANCE  #...
TOP
Vacheron Constantin ASYMMETRICAL 1972 PRESTIGE DE LA FRANCE #...
RM151,584
Free shipping
Seller
Ye Olde Timekeepers, Inc.
11
US
Rolex DAYTONA  COSMOGRAPH  116508 Green Dial 40mm Yellow Gold...
TOP
Rolex DAYTONA COSMOGRAPH 116508 Green Dial 40mm Yellow Gold...
RM125,410
Free shipping
Seller
Plus Watch - Luxury Watches
2562
IT
Casio G-SHOCK MTG-S1030BD-1ADR
Casio G-SHOCK MTG-S1030BD-1ADR
RM10,000
Seller
Private Seller
MY
Seiko BFS Big Freakin Seiko
Seiko BFS Big Freakin Seiko
RM4,042
Seller
Private Seller
MY
Rolex Datejust Lady President 18K/750 Gold Full Diamond
TOP
Rolex Datejust Lady President 18K/750 Gold Full Diamond
RM31,945
Free shipping
Seller
Pawndeluxe
74
NL
Rolex 6517 Oyster Perpetual Date 18k YG
Rolex 6517 Oyster Perpetual Date 18k YG
RM6,626
Seller
Private Seller
MY
Seiko Prospex Black Series
Seiko Prospex Black Series
RM3,600
Seller
Private Seller
MY
Ball Trainmaster Eternity
Ball Trainmaster Eternity
RM5,000
Seller
Private Seller
MY
Speake-Marin Spirit Mk 2 / Mk.II
Speake-Marin Spirit Mk 2 / Mk.II
RM17,786
Seller
Private Seller
MY
Franck Muller Master Calendar -Gold 18k/750lLeder 2852...
TOP
Franck Muller Master Calendar -Gold 18k/750lLeder 2852...
RM34,312
Seller
Dreamwatch Uhrenhandel
169
DE
Frederique Constant Classic Heartbeat
Frederique Constant Classic Heartbeat
RM4,907
Seller
Private Seller
MY
Rolex Sea-Dweller Oyster Perpetual 43mm
TOP
Rolex Sea-Dweller Oyster Perpetual 43mm
RM56,787
Free shipping
Seller
Plus Watch - Luxury Watches
2562
IT
Jaeger-LeCoultre Geophysic True Second Stainless Steel 39.6mm
TOP
Jaeger-LeCoultre Geophysic True Second Stainless Steel 39.6mm
RM33,223
Seller
WatchesofMayfair.com
383
UK
Anonimo Cronoscopio Mark 2
Anonimo Cronoscopio Mark 2
RM8,084
Seller
Private Seller
MY
Rolex Datejust II 41mm Rhodium Diamond dial - Bitcoin accepted
TOP
Rolex Datejust II 41mm Rhodium Diamond dial - Bitcoin accepted
RM33,348
Seller
Private Seller
MY
Montblanc Star Steel Collection 39mm
Montblanc Star Steel Collection 39mm
RM8,004
Seller
Private Seller
MY
Chanel White Ceramic Automatic
Chanel White Ceramic Automatic
RM7,600
Seller
Private Seller
MY
Hublot Big Bang 41MM Rose Gold Purple Dial Python Boa Purple
Hublot Big Bang 41MM Rose Gold Purple Dial Python Boa Purple
RM54,893
Seller
Private Seller
MY
Seiko Presage Enamel Multi-Hand Automatic
TOP
Seiko Presage Enamel Multi-Hand Automatic
RM4,649
Seller
Private Seller
MY
Hamilton Pan Europ
TOP
Hamilton Pan Europ
RM3,794
Seller
WatchNation Limited
54
UK
Bulgari Octo Finissimo Microtor  Ultrapiatto 40mm
TOP
Bulgari Octo Finissimo Microtor Ultrapiatto 40mm
RM42,021
Free shipping
Seller
Plus Watch - Luxury Watches
2562
IT
Ulysse Nardin Maxi Marine 8006-102-3A/926
TOP
Ulysse Nardin Maxi Marine 8006-102-3A/926
RM76,798
Free shipping
Seller
Iceberg Jewelers
138
US
Frederique Constant Runabout Automatic Limited Edition
Frederique Constant Runabout Automatic Limited Edition
RM6,899
Seller
Private Seller
MY
Rolex Oyster Perpetual Date 18k Gold
Rolex Oyster Perpetual Date 18k Gold
RM13,339
Seller
Private Seller
MY
Franck Muller Curvex Rose Gold 18K/750 Platinum Rotor
TOP
Franck Muller Curvex Rose Gold 18K/750 Platinum Rotor
RM25,320
Free shipping
Seller
Pawndeluxe
74
NL
Jaeger-LeCoultre Reverso Squadra Hometime Rose Gold 230.2.77
TOP
Jaeger-LeCoultre Reverso Squadra Hometime Rose Gold 230.2.77
RM44,723
Seller
Filipucci Juweliers
392
NL
Rolex Submariner 1680 red box and paper
TOP
Rolex Submariner 1680 red box and paper
RM113,579
Seller
chrono v8 ltd
 
UK
Rolex GMT-Master II ROLEX BLACK VENOM DLC T-GOLD LIMITED...
TOP
Rolex GMT-Master II ROLEX BLACK VENOM DLC T-GOLD LIMITED...
RM51,586
Seller
Paradiso Luxury Srl
40
IT
Oris Flight Timer
Oris Flight Timer
RM3,800
Seller
Private Seller
MY
Raymond Weil Maestro The Beatles “Abbey Road” Limited Edition
Raymond Weil Maestro The Beatles “Abbey Road” Limited Edition
RM5,200
Seller
Private Seller
MY
Rolex Oyster Perpetual Datejust Rhodium 41MM 126303 RA
TOP
Rolex Oyster Perpetual Datejust Rhodium 41MM 126303 RA
RM45,665
Free shipping
Seller
Plus Watch - Luxury Watches
2562
IT
Longines Ultra Chron Automatic Date Steel Mens Watch 7970 - 1
TOP
Longines Ultra Chron Automatic Date Steel Mens Watch 7970 - 1
RM5,375
Seller
Watch World Star
215
UK
Raymond Weil Freelancer Urban Black
Raymond Weil Freelancer Urban Black
RM7,650
Seller
Private Seller
MY
Rolex Sky-Dweller
Rolex Sky-Dweller
RM109,000
Seller
Private Seller
MY
Audemars Piguet Royal Oak Chronograph
TOP
Audemars Piguet Royal Oak Chronograph
RM85,679
Seller
Private Seller
MY
Ateliers deMonaco Tourbillon Oculus 1298
Straight from the manufacturer
Ateliers deMonaco Tourbillon Oculus 1298
RM330,812
BrandBoutique Member
Les Ateliers deMonaco SARL
Ball DC1028C-S2J-BK
Ball DC1028C-S2J-BK
RM9,500
Seller
Private Seller
MY
Corum Admiral's Cup AC-One
TOP
Corum Admiral's Cup AC-One
RM30,762
Seller
Kaloudis & Sons
23
GR
Sinn 103 St Sa RB Classic Watch Sondermodell
TOP
Sinn 103 St Sa RB Classic Watch Sondermodell
RM11,595
Seller
Classic Watch
16
DE
Rolex Datejust 31mm Diamonds Jubilee 178384 RA
TOP
Rolex Datejust 31mm Diamonds Jubilee 178384 RA
RM53,711
Free shipping
Seller
Plus Watch - Luxury Watches
2562
IT
IWC vintage mens 14K Gold/Steel Yacht Club automatic watch 1970
TOP
IWC vintage mens 14K Gold/Steel Yacht Club automatic watch 1970
RM9,461
Seller
qualityextra
5
HU
Corum Golden Bridge 313.150.55/0001 Fn02 Rose Gold Leather 37mm
TOP
Corum Golden Bridge 313.150.55/0001 Fn02 Rose Gold Leather 37mm
RM114,256
Seller
Taleda
345
CH
Rolex Sea Dweller Ref. 1665
TOP
Rolex Sea Dweller Ref. 1665
Price on request
Seller
Meertz WORLDOFTIME.DE
37
DE
Hublot Big Bang Carbon Bezel Baguette 24000€ HT
TOP
Hublot Big Bang Carbon Bezel Baguette 24000€ HT
RM136,300
Seller
RIVIERAWATCH
77
FR
Ateliers deMonaco Ronde de Monte-Carlo La Sirène Diamant
Straight from the manufacturer
Ateliers deMonaco Ronde de Monte-Carlo La Sirène Diamant
RM448,181
BrandBoutique Member
Les Ateliers deMonaco SARL
Rolex 2006 SS Datejust Blue Roman - 36mm w/ Rolex Box & Papers
TOP
Rolex 2006 SS Datejust Blue Roman - 36mm w/ Rolex Box & Papers
RM20,191
Seller
Austins Watches Inc.
157
US
De Grisogono Power Breaker Chronograph
TOP
De Grisogono Power Breaker Chronograph
RM92,286
Seller
OROeORA PRINTEZIS
72
GR
Tudor Rolex Submariner Steel Automatic Blue Dial (Excellent)
Tudor Rolex Submariner Steel Automatic Blue Dial (Excellent)
RM9,257
Seller
collector's time gallery
MY
  • 30
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  • 120

Automatic Watches: Self-Winding Mechanical Timepieces

Automatic watches are powered by the natural motion of your wrist while you wear them. This type of watch has a rich history reaching back to the 18th century. Today, countless brands produce their own automatic calibers for their watches.

Highlights

  • Automatically wound by the natural movements of your arm
  • Environmentally-friendly: No batteries to produce or throw away
  • The Rolex Oyster Perpetual is one of the most famous automatic watches
  • John Harwood is considered the inventor of the automatic wristwatch
  • Automatic watches available in almost every price range

Automatic Watches: Self-Winding Timepieces

Automatic watches fall under the larger umbrella term of mechanical watches. They offer a key advantage over manual timepieces: They wind automatically via the movement of the wearer's arm. An oscillating mass inside the caliber is responsible for winding the spring. Today, this is in most cases a winding rotor. It is flexibly mounted so that gravity pulls it towards the center. When you're wearing the watch and move your wrist, the rotor moves and gives the caliber new energy. Automatic watches don't require batteries, making mechanical watches comparably more environmentally friendly than battery-powered quartz watches.
Automatic watches are available from almost every famous watch manufacturer in all price ranges. Less expensive models are often powered by base calibers made by the ébauche manufacturers ETA, Soprod, or Sellita. Various manufacturers use these calibers in a more or less reworked form in their watches. These calibers even power the watches made by famous brands such as Breitling and TAG Heuer. However, both manufacturers have developed their own in-house movements as well.
Rolex and Patek Philippe are some of the most well-known watch manufacturers. Unlike many other brands, these two Geneva-based manufacturers don't outsource base calibers. Instead, they use their own. For example, Rolex's caliber 3130 is considered very robust, reliable, and precise. These qualities and more make the caliber one of the best automatic movements on the market; it powers Rolex watches such as the Submariner. Since Rolex produces their watches almost entirely in-house, production is costlier. This results in higher prices for automatic watches with in-house movements.

Buying Tips

If you're searching for an automatic watch, the hard part is actually choosing one. Should it be large or small, simple or extravagant, affordable or expensive? The selection is ample for every taste and budget. Pre-owned automatic watches from Citizen, Seiko, or Swatch are available for around 50 euros. These watches often only have three hands for the hours, minutes, and seconds. Some also have a date or even day/date display.
In the price range between 100 and 200 euros, you can find diverse new automatic watches from brands like Seiko or Fossil. Pre-owned watches from long-established manufacturers such as Tissot, Hamilton, or Longines cost up to 500 euros. The situation is similar in the 1,000 euros and under price range, though here you can also find new models from the German brand Marcello C.
In the 1,000 euro price range, you can find pre-owned Omega or Breitling watches. New automatic three-hand watches are available from Oris, Raymond Weil, or Rado.
However, if you're looking for an automatic chronograph, you need to adjust your budget accordingly. A pre-owned automatic chronograph costs at least 500 euros; this applies to watches from brands such as Tissot or Hamilton. New chronographs cost a few hundred euros more, around 800 euros. These watches are often powered by ETA's Valjoux 7750, which is considered one of the most successful automatic chronograph calibers in the world.
If you're searching for a new automatic Rolex, you need to plan on spending at least 3,000 euros. You can purchase the introductory model, Oyster Perpetual, for this price. You can occasionally find pre-owned vintage watches from this Genevan manufacturer for less than 1,000 euros. The Submariner, one of the first and most famous diving watches in the world, is available pre-owned for around 4,100 euros. New, it costs around 5,600 euros. Rolex's chronograph, the Daytona, is available for around 7,500 euros.
The most expensive automatic watches are from brands such as Audemars Piguet and Patek Philippe. These watches are often made of platinum or 18-karat gold and feature countless diamonds on their dial and/or case. At times, these watches are also incredibly expensive as they're rare vintage watches coveted by collectors. Prices over 1 million euros are not too rare when it comes to these watches.

The Technology Behind Automatic Watches

The mainspring of an automatic watch is, as the name suggests, automatically wound by the movement itself. The mainspring is wound, becomes tense, and stores energy. This happens through the natural movements of the wearer's arm when the watch is on his or her wrist. This mechanism eliminates the need to manually wind the mainspring. Instead, an oscillating mass - often the rotor - winds the mainspring. Gravity causes the flexibly mounted rotor to move towards the center and a gear-train transfers the energy from the rotor's movement to the barrel. Viewed from a physics standpoint, the mechanism converts kinetic energy into potential energy.
There are automatic movements that wind in one or both directions. Bi-directional winding movements have so-called reverser gears. These ensure that the rotor winds the barrel in both directions. Uni-directional winding movements actually wind bidirectionally, but the mainspring is only wound in one direction. Both variants have a reduction gear which converts the fast movements of the rotor into slower movements with more torque. The end of the mainspring is not directly connected to the barrel so that it doesn't snap off when it's fully wound. The outer end of the spring is outfitted with a bridle, which keeps the pressure on the mainspring's outermost coil. When not fully wound, that pressure allows the outer end of the mainspring to be caught in a notch in the barrel wall. Once the spring is fully wound, it moves along to the next notch.
Automatic watches have many advantages: They're comfortable, environmentally-friendly, and usually more precise. This improved precision is due to the mainspring, which is always tense and has a more constant torque than mainsprings in hand-wound calibers. This has a positive effect on the amplitude. The amplitude is the balance wheel's degree of rotation and refers to the wheel's maximum rotation angle between equilibrium and a reversal point.

Technical Details of Automatic Watches

  • The winding rotor winds the mainspring in the barrel
  • Advantages: no manual winding required, environmentally-friendly, more precise
  • Uni-directional and bi-directional winding movements

The Origins of Automatic Watches

Automatic winding is one of the most important and long-lasting innovations in the history of watchmaking and the mechanism is one of the most widespread complications in use today.
Today's automatic watches can trace their origin back to the year 1729. Abraham-Louis Perrelet improved the winding mechanism of pocket watches in the 18th century. A small key was required to wind a movement before this improvement. Since the key was never there when you needed it, winding mechanisms that didn't require a key were in high demand. Perrelet wanted to invent a self-winding pocket watch. In 1770, he introduced his pedometer watch after countless attempts. The watch had an oscillating weight which teetered back and forth as the wearer walked. The motion caused the oscillating weight to tense the mainspring. Perrelet also developed a caliber with a winding rotor which swiveled above the movement. With these innovations, the groundwork for today's automatic watches was laid.
Refined men carried their pocket watches tucked away safely in their jacket, vest, or pants. The timepieces barely moved while in their pockets, which meant that the oscillating mass didn't have enough energy to wind the mainspring. The crown-wind method solved the key-wind problem in the mid-19th century, making the automatic pocket watch superfluous.

The First Automatic Wristwatches

The French watchmaker Léon Leroy was also a pioneer in the development of automatic watches. He presented his first automatic wristwatch in 1922. Some of these watches even had a date display. However, Leroy was far away from being able to mass produce a series.
The British watchmaker John Harwood lead automatic wristwatches to series production. He began working on automatic movements in 1922. Two years later, he patented his work, paving the way for the first series-produced automatic wristwatches.
Rolex's Oyster Perpetual was one of the first automatic wristwatches. Rolex introduced the watch to the market in 1931. It's one of the few early models that has lasted over the years and is still produced today. The principle behind Oyster Perpetual's winding rotor is at the heart of every modern automatic wristwatch.

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